Birds in Tasmania
Tasmania is rich in bird fauna, with over 260 resident and vagrant bird species recorded. There are twelve species of bird which are endemic to Tasmania. They are: Tasmanian Native Hen Gallinula mortierii, Green Rosella Platycercus caledonicus, Dusky Robin Melanodryas vittata, Tasmanian Thornbill Acanthiza ewingii, Scrubtit Acanthornis magnus, Tasmanian Scrubwren Sericornis humilus, Yellow Wattlebird Anthochaera paradoxa, Yellow-throated Honeyeater Lichenostomus flavicollis, Black-headed Honeyeater Melithreptus affinus, Strong-billed Honeyeater Melithreptus validirostris, Black Currawong Strepera fuliginosa and Forty-spotted Pardalote Pardalotus quadragintus.
Tasmania also has a number of bird species which are endemic at the subspecies level, such as the threatened Tasmanian Wedge-tailed Eagle, Aquila audax fleayi and the endangered Tasmanian Masked Owl, Tyto novaehollandiae castenops. In the breeding season, Tasmania is also home to a number of breeding endemic birds – species which migrate from mainland Australia to breed only in Tasmania. The endangered Orange-bellied Parrot Neophema chrysogaster and Swift Parrot Lathamus discolor are two breeding endemics found in Tasmania.